An image of how to build boats and sail in Valheim.

How to Build Boats and Sail in Valheim

Have you figured out how to build boats and sail in Valheim?

There are many different ways you can play Valheim and you are likely to experience each one throughout your journey. You may spend dozens of hours running around the different biomes and battling creatures. Others may spend most of their time building a base and making a home for their team. But one thing that everybody will have to do at some point is to learn how to build boats and sail in Valheim.

This is a requirement for traveling to different islands and biomes. Although the Portal is faster and more efficient later on, you will still need to sail quite a bit to reach locations and place the Portal down. At the very least, you will have to build a mid-tier ship to get around.

If you are looking to go on a journey across the seas, check out our quick guide on how to build boats and sail in Valheim.

Valheim Boats

An image of how to build boats and sail in Valheim.

Sailing is a large part of Norse mythology and culture, so it is only right that Valheim covers this aspect as well. Boats and sailing are essential to many aspects of the game. Whether you are traveling around the world to fight bosses or simply gathering resources, you will eventually have to get on a ship and sail. If you are a beginner, you will not encounter the need for a boat until a few days in.

There are currently only three types of ships available in Valheim. The Raft, the Karve, and the Longship are the only boats you can build and sail in Valheim as of now. However, it has long been rumored that developers are working on adding to that fleet in the future. Each vessel varies in size, seating capacity, and speed. Beginners typically have to start with a basic Raft for sailing, but you will need an upgrade later on for longer journeys.

How to Build Boats and Sail in Valheim

In this article, we will cover the specifics of building each boat in Valheim as well as how to sail with them.


An image of the Raft, one of the boats you can sail in Valheim.

Rafts are the smallest boats available to sail in Valheim. They do not have seats or any storage, so you cannot bring too many items with you. Of the three vessels, they are the slowest and least durable as well. The main upside is that Rafts are quite easy and cheap to build, so you can start working on them early on in the game.

A Raft only has 300 HP, so they are easy to destroy. This means you cannot bring them to very dangerous places. Otherwise, you will have to keep repairing them or build a new one. Rafts are 6 meters long, 4 meters wide, and 8 meters high. At full sails, they sail at a speed of 3.1 meters per second with 100% wind and 2.5 meters per second at 50% wind.

At half sails, Rafts only sail at 2.2 meters per second with 100% wind and 1.7 meters per second at 50% tailwind. If you prefer to paddle instead of using its sails, you will only be moving at a speed of 1.6 meters per second. Fortunately, Rafts do not capsize so you can go to rough waters safely with them. Be careful, however, as they can get stuck on rocks that you hit.

To build the Raft, you need to have 20 Wood, 6 Leather Scraps, and 6 Resin. Combine these materials on your Workbench to build one.


An image of the Karve, one of the boats you can sail in Valheim.

Next on the list is the Karve. This Viking ship is Valheim’s medium boat which has decent speed, limited storage, and some seating. It also has better maneuverability than the Raft, which is good for sailing in rough waters and tight spaces.

A Karve has 500 HP, which is almost double that of a Raft. They are 10 meters long, 3 meters wide, and have a height of 8 meters. This ship has 2 seats, excluding the pilot, so you can sit safely while sailing at high speeds. The rest of your team can hold fast to avoid going overboard. Karves also have four storage slots that do not take weight into account, so store your heaviest items here.

With full sails, a Karve will sail at 7 meters per second at 100% wind, but with a high risk of capsizing in rough waters. At 50% wind, this goes down to 5.7 meters per second and 3.9 meters per second at 5% wind. When only half sails are used, you can sail at 4.8 meters per second at 100% wind and 4.1 meters per second at 50% wind. If you prefer paddling without sails, you will move at 3.14 meters per second.

To build a Karve, you need to have 30 pieces of Fine Wood, 10 Deer Hides, 20 Resin, and 80 Bronze Nails. Combine all these materials in your Workbench to build this medium ship.


An image of the Longship.

The largest ship in the game for now is the Longship. Viking longships are arguably the most iconic vessels in Norse mythology. In Valheim, the Longship is a big ship with a large storage capacity, very high speed, and below-average maneuverability due to its size. This is the best boat to build for large groups of players that need to transport a lot of materials.

Longships have a massive 1000 HP, so they will survive quite a long time wherever you may take them. They are 22 meters long, 6 meters wide, and 12 meters high. There are four seats available plus the pilot, while everyone else can hold fast to stay on board. The main selling point of these boats is the 18 storage slots where you can put your heaviest items.

At full sails, Longships will sail at 9.5 meters per second at 100% wind and 7.45 meters per second at 50% wind. If you are only using half sails, you will move at 6.7 meters per second at 100% wind and 5.23 meters per second at 50% wind. Paddling only moves you at 3.16 meters per second.

Choosing the Right Boats to Sail in Valheim

When choosing what ship to build, you need to consider a lot of factors. Beginners can settle for the Raft because it is very easy to build compared to the others. In terms of maneuverability, the Karve is your best choice. It also has a few seats and lets you store some items.

However, the Longship has significantly more storage space, seats, and is much more durable than the Karve. This makes it perfect for big groups. Knowing which vessel is the best for your current situation is key to having the best sailing experience in Valheim.

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